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SYLLABUS OF AYURVEDACHARYA (BAMS) COURSE

CENTRAL COUNCIL OF INDIAN MEDICINE

NEW DELHI

 

SYLLABUS OF AYURVEDACHARYA (BAMS) COURSE

INDEX

PROFESSIONAL

                                                                          Page No.

1.1.      SANSKRIT                                                                             2-3

1.2.      PADARTH VIGYAN                                                                  4-8

1.3.      AYURVED KA ITIHAS                                                            9-12

1.4.      ASHTANG HRIDAYAM (SUTRASTHAN)                                  13-14

1.5.      RACHANA SHARIR                                                              15-19

1.6.      KRIYA SHARIR                                                                    20-27

 

PROFESSIONAL

 

2.1.      CHARAK SAMHITA (PURVARDHA)                                        28-29

2.2.      SWASTHAVRITTA                                                               30-41

2.3.      DRAVYAGUNA VIGYAN                                                         42-50

2.4.      RASASHASTRA & BHAISHAJYA KALPANA                              51-60

2.5.      ROGA VIGYAN EVUM VIKRITI VIGYAN                                  61-68

2.6.      AGAD TANTRA, VYAVHAR AYURVED EVUM VIDHI VAIDYAK    69-72

 

PROFESSIONAL

 

3.1.      CHARAK SAMHITA (UTTARARDHA)                                        73-74

3.2.      KAYACHIKITSA                                                                    75-81

3.3.      SHALAKYA                                                                           82-88              

3.4.      SHALYA                                                                               89-95

3.5.      PRASUTI TANTRA EVUM STRIROGA                                      96-100

3.6.      KAUMARBHRITYA                                                                101-105

3.7.      PANCHKARMA                                                                   106-112

 

                                              

                                               1.1 SANSKRIT

 

          Theory- Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

                                                                  Practical/ Viva voice – 50 Marks

                                                                                  Lectures               - 150

 

Paper I                                                                                    100 Marks

1. Vyakarana                                                                         

Sanjna, ach-sandhi, hal-sandhi,visarga sandhi,  Ajanta pullinga, Ajanta streelinga, Ajanta napunsklinga, halanta
pullinga, halanta streelinga, Halanta napunsalinga,avyaya prakaran, bhvadi-dashganah, nyanta-sannanta,
yannanta-yanluganta-atmnepada-parasmaipada-bhavakam

Karma-karti,lakartha prakriya, kridanta prakarana(kritya prakriya), Purvakridantam, unadaya,uttar-kridanta),
vibhaktyartha prakaran, samasa prakaran (keival samas, avyayi-bhavah, tatpurush, bahuvrihi,
dvanda,samasanta), tadvita prakarnani,streepratyaya prakaranam.

TEXT BOOK- laghu siddhanta kaumudi

2.  Translation 

1.    Translation from English / Hindi / regional language into Sanskrit

Or    Essay in Sanskrit related to ayurveda                    

     2 .Translation from Sanskrit to English, Hindi and Regional languages

          (Any desired language)                                                                                   

 

Reference Books

1. Anuvada Chandrika- Chakradhara Hansa Nautiyal

2. Sansrita Ayurveda Sudha- Dr B. L.gaur

3. Praudh Rachananuvada Kaumudi- Dr Kapil Dev Dwivedi

4. Concerned material from authorised texts of Ayurveda                                                           (for translation).

 

3. Corrections of mistakes - Matter may be selected from the Reference                                                     books.                              

 

 

 

Paper II                                                                           100 Marks

                                                                            

1.     Vaidya Sadvrittam                                                      

 

1. Vaidyakiya subhashitani (1-20 chapters)                                      

    By Bhaskar  Govinda  Ghanenkar                                       

2. Ayurveda Hitopdeshah

  (Vaidya Ranjit Rai  Desai)                                                   

         3. Panchatantram- Aprikshitkarkam                                         

                                   Or

         Verse from classics (brihatrayi) related to vaidya sadvritta

    2.  Order of reading classics (grantha-adhyayan krama parichaya)      

Pathana karma / sampradana parichaya, padavibhaga, arthanvaya karma, anvyartha, bhavartha,
dhvanitadi-prabhasana karma parichaya Samastapada sarthak-vigraha, dhatu-dhatvartha,
pratyaya-pratyartha, subanta-tivanta-adi according to padavidhi (anvayartha smarthanane) nirupanam.

 

Material for practice

   SushrutSamhita-SharirSthan-chapter-4      (garbhavyakarana sharirm).

 

 


1.2. PADARTH VIGYAN

          Theory- Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

                                                                  Practical/ Viva voice – 50 Marks

                                                                                  Lectures               - 150

                                                           Practicals and Demonstration      - 30

 

                                                              

Paper I                                                                                      100 Marks

 

1.1   Ayurveda Nirupana

 

  Definition and lakshana of ayu, composition of ayu; definition and lakshana of  

  Ayurveda; definition and types of siddhanta; introduction of basic principles of

  Ayurveda and their significance.

 

1.2   Ayurveda darshana nirupana

 

Philosophical background of fundamentals of ayurveda, meaning of the word “ darsan” and its omnipresence;
evolution of darsana, their Numbers and classification; general introductions of schools of Indian  Philosophy with  an emphasis on nyaya, vaisheshik and sankhya Darsana. Ayurveda as unique and independent school of thought (philosophical individuality of ayurveda), definition of padartha, lakshana of padartha. Division and number of padarthas; bhava and abhava padartha; charak’s opinion regarding these; introduction & description of   karana-padarthas mentioned by charak.

 

 

 2. Dravya Vigyaniyam

 

Definition, lakshana and number of dravya, panchabhutas; origin of panchamahabhuta, parasparanupravesha (mutual conglomeration), types of panchikaran; lakshana and types of prithvi, lakshana and types of tejas; lakshan and types of jala ,lakshana and types of vayu, lakshan of akasha and its aupadhika types; kala nirupana, etymological derivation, definition and lakshana of the word ‘kala’; aupadhik types of kala, significance of kala in ayurveda; dig-nirupanam, significance of dig and aupadhik types, lakshana of atma, description of purusha mentioned in ayurveda-     Ativahika purusha/ sukshma sharir/ rashi purusha/ chikitsiya purusha/ karma purusha/ saddhatvatmak purusha, initiation of atma towards perception of  knowledge (atmanahjnana pravritti), mano nirupanam; lakshana,synonyms of manas, mana as substratam of diseases(manasah vyadhyashryatram); guna (qualities), Vishaya (subject), karma (functions), ubhayaindriyatva and seat of mana; contribution of panchamahabhuta and triguna in physical  constitution(dehaprakriti) and mental faculty;  disapproval of dravyatva of tamas, practical study/application of dravya in ayurveda.      

 

     

 3. Guna Vigyaniyam

 

 Etymological derivation, definition and number of gunas, vaisesika guna     

 (sartha)- shabda,  sparsha, rupa,  rasa,  gandha;   adhyatma  gunah- budhi,

 Sukha,   dukha, ichha, dwesa, prayatna; paradi guna, gurvadi guna- their      

 introduction and clinical application.

 

 

4. Karma Vigyaniyam

 

  Definition, lakshana and types of karma, types of karma mentioned in nyaya,

  Description of karma in ayurveda, practical study/ application of karma in

  Ayurveda.

 

 

  5. Samanya Vigyaniyam

 

  Definition, lakshan, types of samanya, practical study/ application of samanya

  in reference to dravya, guna and karma.

 

  6. Vishesha Vigyaniyam

   

  Definition, lakshna and types of   vishesa, detailed    description   of the verse

  “pravrittirubhayasyata”, practical study of  vishesa for clinical   application   in

  Ayurveda.

 

  7. Samavaya Viyaniyam

 

  Definition  and lakshana of samavaya, practical study of samavaya for clinical   

  application in ayurveda.

 

  8. Abhava Vigyaniyam

 

  Definition and lakshana of abhav padartha, classification of abhav- description  

  of pragbhava, pradhwansabhava, atyantabhava, anyuanyabhav; clinical  

  significance of abhava in ayurveda.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paper II                                                                                        100 Marks

 

Praman/ Pariksha Vigyaniyam (Epistemology)

 

 

1.           Pariksha nirupana (means of getting  knowledge)

 

Definition , significance and necessity of pariksha. Two types of anubhav-prama and aprama. Lakshan and types of prama and prameya. Lakshna, causes and types of smriti(memory). Significance and importance of praman. Enumeration of pramana according to different school of philosophy. Four types of methods of examination according to ayurveda (chaturvidha pariksha vidhi). Pramana in ayurveda. Incorporation of different pramans into three pramans. Use of word pariksha in reference to pramana in classics of ayurveda. Practical  application of methods of examination ( pariksha vidhi) in treatment (chikitsa).

 

2.   Aptopdesha pariksha/ pramana nirupana (Authoritative instruction/ spiritual testimony)

 

Definition of aptopdesha, lakshana of apta, lakshana of sabda, and its types, sabdavritti - abhidha, lakshana, vyanjana, tatparyakhya; shaktigraha hetu, vyakya Characteristic ; vakyartha jnanahetu- akanksha, yogyata, sannidhi.

 

3.   Pratyaksha pariksha/ pramana nirupana (direct observation or perception)

       

definition and lakshana of pratyaksha. Types of origin of pratyaksha jnana. Types of pratyaksha- nirvikalpak- savikalpaka with description; description of  laukika and alaukika types and their further classification. Sannikarsa  Characteristic, six types of sannikarsa, characteristics of sense organs(indriyanam Characteristic  lakshanam). Classification of Indriya and enumeration. Description of panchapanchaka, establishment of origin of Indriya by panchamahabhuta (bhautikatwa of Indriya) and similarity in sources (tulyayonitva) of Indriya. Dominance of antahkaran. Hindrances indirect perception (pratyaksha anuplabdhikaran), detailed description of direct perception (pratyaksha) by various instruments/ equipments; necessity of other pramans in addition to pratyaksha. Practical study/ application of pratyaksha in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research grounds.

 

4.   Anumana pariksha/pramana nirupanam (inference)

 

Definition and lakshan of anuman. Introduction of anumiti, paramarsha, vyapti, hetu, sadhya, paksha, dristanta etc.    Types of anuman mentioned by Charak Samhita & nyaya darsana. Characteristic and types of vyapti, Characteristic and types of hetu, description of ahetu and hetwabhasa. Characteristic  and significance of tarka. Practical study/ application of anumana pramana in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research grounds.

 

5.   Yukti pariksha/ pramana (epistemology of reasoning)

 

Definition and lakshana of yukti pariksha, discussion on yukti pramana. Importance & characteristic  of yukti pariksha in ayurveda. Practical study and utility of yukti pariksha in therapeutics and research.

 

6.   Upamana pramana nirupanam(analogy)

 

Definition and lakshana of upamana. Application of upamana in therapeutics and research

 

7.   Karya- Karan siddhanta nirupanam (cause and effect theory)

 

Definition and lakshana of karya and karana. Types of karan. Significance of karya and karan in ayurveda. Different opinions regarding manifestation of karya from karan- satkaryavada, asatkaryavada, parinam vada, arambhavad, paramanuvada, vivartavada, kshanabhangurvada, pilupaka, pitharpaka, anekantavada, swabhavoparamvada.

 

8. Srishti-nirupanam  

 

Srishti-laya nirupanam (evolution and devastation of universe), Description of tatvotpatti, Tatva-nirupanam, classification of tatva. Evolution of universe (life) according to charak, sushruta (srishti-vikaskrama); Ashtaprakriti, Shodashvikara and their description. Similarity and dissimilarity between kshetra-kshetragya, vyakta-avyakta, prakriti-purush. Triguna nirupanam, Description of theories of rebirth and salvation (punarjanma & moksha)

 

9.Shastrartha Bodhaka  

 

Shastra Lakshana, tantra guna, tantra dosha, detailed description of tantrayukti, Brief description of tachhilya and arthashrya.

 

 

Practical                                                                                         50 Marks   

 

Allotted Assignment Marks – 10

Spotting   – 10     

Viva voice – 30                                                                          

 

1.           Panchabhautika nirupanam of karya dravya and their introduction.

2.           Examination of bhautika / samanya guna and introduction.

3.           Examination of physical constitution composed by panchamahabhuta                

(panchbhautika deha prakriti) and mental temperament composed by triguna (Trigunatmka manas prakriti).

4.           Exposition or display of process of indriyarth sannikarsha in establishment

of dravya and roga (dravya and rogavinishchaya).

5.           Importance / significance of pariksha / pramana in examination of dravya,

rog and rogi. (disease and patient).

6.           Allotment of practical work according to syllabus.

 

 

 

Reference Books

 

1.    

Padharth Vigyan

Acharya Ramraksha Pathak

2.    

Ayurvediya Padarth Vigyan

Vaidya Ranjit Rai

3.    

Ayurved Darshan

Acharya Rajkumar Jain

4.    

Padarth Vigyan

Kashikar

5.    

Padarth Vigyan

Balwant Shastri

6.    

Sankhya Tantra Kaumadi

Gajanan Shastri

7.    

Psycho Pathology in Indian Medicine

Dr. S.P. Gupt

8.    

Charak Evum Sushrut ke Darshnik Vishay ka Adhyayan

Prof. Jyotirmitra Acharya

9.    

Ayurvediya Padarth Vigyan

Dr. Ayodhya Prasad Achal

10.      

Padarth Vigyan

Dr. Vidyadhar Shukla

11.      

Padarth Vigyan

Dr. Ravidutta Tripathi

12.      

0A         Ayurvediya Padarth Vigyan

Vaidya Ramkrishna Sharma Dhandha

13.      

Ayurvediya Padarth Vigyan Parichaya

Vaidya Banwari lal Gaur

14.      

Ayurvediya Padarth Darshan

Pandit Shivhare

15.      

Useful Parts of Charak , Sushrut and Vagbhata

 

 

 

1.3       AYURVED KA ITIHAS (History of Ayurveda)

 

 

Theory- One Paper - 100 Marks

                  Lectures                       - 60                                                                                                                  

         

1.   Etymological derivation (vyutpatti), syntactical derivation (niruktti) and definition of the word itihas, necessity of knowledge of history, its significance and utility.  means and method of gaining knowledge viz. historical person (vyakti), subject (vishaya), time period, (kala), happening (ghatna) and their impact on ayurveda.

 

2.   Decent of Ayurveda, chronology of ayurveda according to different schools, introduction of eight branches of ayurveda and concerned renowned texts. Introduction of the authors of  these texts.

 

3.   Eternity of ayurveda (shashvatvam and anaditavam).

 

4.   Status of ayurveda in Vedic period, progression of ayurveda upto tantra kala. Knowledge about available topics of ayurveda in puranas and tantras etc.

 

5.   Introduction of authors of classical texts during Samhita kala and their contribution especially Atreya, Dhanwantri, Kashyapa, Agnivesha, Sushruta, Bhela, Harita, Charaka, Dridhbala, Vagbhatta, Nagarjuna, Jivaka – introduction and contribution.

 

6.   Chronological development of charaka samhita, sushruta samhita and kashyapa samhita.

 

7.   Introduction and establishment of time period of commentators of classical samhitas – bhattar harishchandra, Jejjata, Chakrapani, Dalhana, Nishchalakara, vijayarakshita, Gayadas, Arundatta, Hemadri, Gangadhara, Yonginderanath sen, Haranchandra Chakravorty.

 

8.   Introduction and time period of authors of compendium (granthasamgraha kala) – Acharya Bhavmishra, Sharangdhara, Vrinda, madhavkara, Shodhala, Govind Das (Author of bhaisjya ratnawali), Vasavraja etc.

 

9.   Origin of ras shastra and its development, introduction and time period of promoters of ras shastra.

 

10.        Vrikshayurveda vijnana (Ayurveda for plant kingdom), pashu chikitsa vijnana (ayurveda for animal kingdom), promoters of ashva, gaja chikitsa Vijnana; shalihotra, palkapya, varahmir, nakula, ashvaghosh.

 

11.        Introduction of authors of modern era –Gan Nath sen, Yamimi bhushan, Yadavji tikramji acharya, Ghanekar, Damodar Sharma Gaur, Priyavrat Sharma, Swami Laksmiram, Dr. P. M. Mehta, Daji Shastri Pade etc.

12.        Globlaisation of ayurveda – Sumera, Babilonia, Asiria, Misra (Egypt), China, Persia, Arabia, Kamobja, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand, Mauritius, Myanmar (Burma) etc. – expansion of ayurveda in above mentioned civilisations.

 

13.        Impact of ayurveda on Hippocratus (Father of Allopathy), Invitation to Indian physicians by yavans and translation of ayurvedic text into Arabian language, visit to Greece by Indian scholars, relation between Greece and india in ancient period (made by Alexandar), expansion of ashvavaidyaka in Greece.

 

14.        Developmental actions for ayurveda in post-independence period, development in educational trends, establishment of different committee,  their recommendations, central council of Indian medicine, central council for research and ayurveda and siddha, foundation of department of AYUSH, its introduction and activities, drug and cosmetic act, Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia Committee  formation and activities of organisations and institutions like Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeta etc. Activities in field of research in ayurveda according to different subjects. Initiation for writing down a text, different councils of vaidya and their activities.

 

Publications of Ayurveda journals and magazines, WHO, status of Ayurveda on international grounds in present era.

 

Reference Books

1.       

Upodaghata of Kashyapa Samhita Paragraph of acceptance of Indian medicine

-

Rajguru Hem Raj Sharma

2.       

Upodaghata of Rasa Yogasagar

-

Vaidya Hariprapanna Sharma

3.       

Ayurveda Ka Itihas

-

Kaviraj Suram Chand

4.       

Ayurveda Sutra

-

Rajvaidya Ram Prasad Sharma

5.       

History of Indian Medicine (1-3 part)

-

Dr. Girindra Nath Mukhopadhyaya

6.       

A Short history of Aryan Medical Science

-

Bhagwat Singh

7.       

History of Indian Medicine

-

J. Jolly

8.       

Hindu Medicine

-

Zimer

9.       

Classical Doctrine of Indian Medicine

-

Filiyosa

10.  

Indian Medicine in the classical age

-

Acharya Priya Vrita Sharma

11.  

Indian Medicine (Osteology)

-

Dr. Harnley

12.  

Ancient Indian Medicine

-

Dr. P. Kutumbia

13.  

Madhav Nidan and its Chief Commentaries (Chapters highlighting  history)

-

Dr. G.J. Mulenbelt

14.  

Ayurveda Ka Brihata Itihasa

-

Vaidya Atridev Vidyalankara

15.  

Ayurveda Ka Vaigyanika Itihasa

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

16.  

Ayurveda Ka Pramanika Itihasa

-

Prof. Bhagwat Ram Gupt

17.  

History of Medicine in India

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

18.  

Vedo Mein Ayurveda

-

Vaidya Ram Gopal Shastri

19.  

Vedo Mein Ayurveda

-

Dr. Kapil Dev Dwivedi

20.  

Science and Philosphy of Indian Medicine

-

Dr. K.N. Udupa

21.  

History of Indian Medicine form Premoryana to Kushana Period

-

Dr. Jyotiramitra

22.  

An Appraisal of Ayurvedic Material in Budhist literature

-

Dr. Jyotiramitra

23.  

Mahayana Granthon Main Nihita Ayurvediya Samagri

-

Dr. Ravindra Nath Tripathi

24.  

Jain Ayurveda Sahitya Ka Itihasa

-

Dr. Rajendra Prakash Bhatnagar

25.  

Ayurveda- Prabhashaka Jainacharya

-

Acharya Raj Kumar Jain

26.  

Charaka Chintana

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

27.  

Vagbhatta Vivechana

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

28.  

Atharvaveda and Ayurveda

-

Dr. Karambelkara

29.  

Ayurvedic Medicine Past and Present

-

Pt. Shiv Sharma

30.  

Ancient Scientist

-

Dr. O.P. Jaggi

31.  

Lumanaries of Indian Medicine

-

Dr. Shrikanthamurti

32.  

Ayurveda Ke Itihasa Ka Parichaya

-

Dr. Ravidutta Tripathi

33.  

Ayurveda Ke Pranacharya

-

Ratnakara Shastri

34.  

Ayurveda Itihasa Parichaya

-

Prof. Banwari Lal Gaur


1.4. ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM (SUTRASTHAN)

 

                   Theory- One Paper – 100 Marks

                                                                  Practical/ Viva voice – 50 Marks

                                                                                  Lectures               - 60

                                                           

For the convenience of learning allotted marks for Sutrasthan of Ashtanga Hridaya has been divided into following two groups:

Thorough Study         

75 Marks

Introductory Study              

25 Marks 

           

·                     Chapters specified for thorough study

 

First chapter to Fourteenth chapter (1-14)                                  

45 Marks

Sixteenth chapter to twenty-fourth chapter (16-24)                     

20 Marks

Twenty-seventh (27) and Thirtieth (30) chapters                         

10 Marks

                  

·                     Chapters specified for Introductory study

 

Fifteenth, Twenty-fifth, Twenty-sixth, Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth chapters.     

05 Marks 

Ashtanga Samgraha Chap. No 12, 13, 22, 23.                                             

20 Marks   

 

·                     Fifty marks assigned for practical exam are distributed as follows

 

1) For chart framing / Compilation

 

10 marks

2) Recitation & writing   of minimum ten shlokas among memorized shlokas   (The shlokas should be memorized alongwith Padavibhaga, Anvaya, Bhavartha and practical applicability.)

 

10 marks

3) Viva-voce

 

15 marks

4) Internal assessment  

15 marks      

 

 

Topics for chart

Ayurvedavatarana according to Ashtanga Hridaya, Ashtanga of Ayurveda, agni, prakriti, koshtha,  tridosh,
rasa-guna-virya-vipaka and  prabhava of dravyas, ritucharya,  dinacharya, vega-udirana and vidharana,
chatuspada of chikitsa, sadhyasadhyata, different classification of dravyas- toya, kshira, ikshu,etc.shooka, shimbi,
mamsa, shaka, phala etc. Dosha samshodhana kala, vriddhi- kshaya lakshanas of dosha, dhatu and malas, dosha
prakopa according to ritu, viruddhahara, traya upastambha. 

 

    

Parameters for internal Assessment (15 Marks)

·                     Memorizing and describing two shlokas weekly, discipline, oral and written presentation and other activities.

 

Other activities include following instructions

 

 

1.                           Memorizing two shlokas weekly                                       5 Marks

(The shlokas should be memorized as discussed above in a span of one year and six months)

2.                           Passage writing                                                             5 Marks

3.                           Speech on any one topic related to Ashtanga hridaya                         5 marks

 

Reference Books

Ashtanga Hridayam :       Hindi Commentary by Lalchanda Vaidya

                                :      English Commentary by K.R. Srikantamurty

 


1.5 RACHANA  SHARIR

Theory- Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

                                                            Practical/ Viva voice – 200 Marks

                                                              Lectures (1 hour)               - 210

      Practicals /Demonstration (1 ½ hour)    - 210

Paper I        100 Marks

Part A                                                                                         50 Marks

1.   Detailed description of principles of 'Sharir' and their co-relation with modern medical science.

 

2.   Shariropkrama

 

Description of Sharir and Sharir, knowledge and importance of Sharir and Sharir, 'Shadangatva' of sharir, Anga pratyanga vibhaga, Preservation and Dissection Method of dead body, Divisions of Sharir.

 

3.   Knowledge of terminologies used in Sharir

 

Detail knowledge of terms, position, and Planes e.g. Urdhava (Superior), Adhah (Inferior), Nikatastha (Proximal) and Doorastha (Distal), Agrima (Anterior or Ventral), Abhi pristha or Paschima (Posterior), Madhyanuga (Median), Parshava (Lateral). Abhimadhyana (Medial) and Uttana (Superficial) and Gambhira (Deep) section, Anuprastha (Vertical) and Agra paschedasa (Horizontal), Tiryaka (Oblique) sections, Mamsa peshi (Muscles), Sira, Dhamani, Tantrika, Snayu(Ligaments), Kurcha, Kandra (Tendon), Jala(Plexuses), Asthi Sanghat (Complex Joints), Seemanta (Sutures off  Skull), Rajju(Cords) and Sevani.

 

4.   Abhinivriti Sharir

 

Vyakta and Avyakta, kshetra and kshetraja

Constitution of 'Purusha' according to dhatu bheda, Panchabhoutikatva and sukshamatva of body, karma purusha, Trigunatamakatvama, Tridoshmayatvama, Doshadhatumalamulakatva of Sharir.

 

5.   Garbha Sharir (Embryology)

 

Definition of 'garbha' (embryo), 'Garbhottpadakbhava', Sukshma garbha sharir, micro anatomical describption of 'dhatu and avayavas' 'Shukra' Artava, Antahpushpa, Garbhadhana (fertilization) and Kosha vibhajana (Cell division),along with role of Tridosh and Panch mahabhut in fetal development, 'Bija'-(sperm and ovum), Bijabhaga, Bijabhagavayava and Genetics in Ayurveda.  Anuvamshika Siddhanta (principles of Hereditary), Linga bheda (Sex Determination), Masanumasika Garbha Virdhi Krama (month wise development of Fetus), Garbhavridhikara bhava, (factors effecting development and growth of embryo), Deha prakriti, Satwa prakriti' etc., Garbha poshana, Apra nirmana (formation of placenta), Nabhinadi nirmana (formation of umbilical cord), Ulva, Jarayu, Akritikara bhava, Matrapartantrata of garbha, Bhuta vyapara, formation of Stanya, Angapratyanga nirmana, Development of various systems. Developmental Anomalies and their causes (Ayurveda and Modern Views).

 

6.   Pramana Sharir:

 

Anthropometric -Values of body parts-

Anguli, anjali, pramana and Sankhya Sharir.

 

Part  B                                                                                              50 Marks

7.   Asthi Sharir (Osteology)

 

Number of bones (Charaka, Sushruta and Modern Concept), Asthi swaroopa and Asthi rachana (Structure and texture of bone), Detailed description of each bone - Ossification of bones, applied anatomy of each bone. 

 

8.   Sandhi Sharir (Arthrology)

 

(a) Definition of Sandhi (joints), Types, structure of each Asthi sandhi (joint), various, Specific description of 'Hanu' (temporomandibular) and Shakha sandhis (joints of extremities) vertebral joints, Definition of Asthi Sanghat, number and their applied value.  Sevani (Sutural Joints) Snayu (Ligaments), movements of Joints and Clinical importance of the Sandhis (joints).

 

9.   Sira, Dhamini, Srotas Sharir (Angiology)

(a) Sira-Dhamini

Importance of Raktavaha Sansthan (cardiovascular system),  Hridaya (Heart), Sira, Dhamani, Srotasa.  Definition of Sira, Dhamini, their course, branches Description of Arteries and capillary, Accessory veins and Principal veins.

(b) Srotas Sharir: 1. Definition, types, their mool and Srotodusti. 

 

10.   Lasika Samsthan (Lymphatic system)

Introduction and study of Lasika pranali (Lymphatic channels), Lasika granthi (Lymphatic glands), Rasa kulya (thoracic duct), Payasvini (lacteals) and Courses of lasika vahinis (Lymphatic Ducts).

 

11. Peshi Sharir (Myology)

Introduction and detail Structure, shape, size and types and their Importance of Peshi (muscles) - their attachments and origin, insertion, actions nerve supply and its clinical application. 

 

Paper         II                                                                              Total Marks: 100

Part A                                                                                               50 Marks

 

1.   Koshtha

Defining the terms like – Koshtha, Ashaya and Koshthanga, their names and location, koshthanga of Uraha Pradesh (thoracic cavity organs), Udara Pradesh Koshthanga (organs of abdominal cavity), Description of digestive organs and accessory digestive organs. Organs of Shwasa Prashwasa (Respiratory system), Organs of Mutravaha Sansthan (Urinary system), Description of male and female prajananang (reproductive organs) and their details.

 

2.   Granthi Sharir

 

Description of the structure of Bahya Srotas (Exocrine), and Nisrotasa granthi, details study of granthi Sharir.

 

3.   Kala Sharir

 

Definition of Kala, structural pattern and details study of each Kalas,  study of Vishista Kalas like, Hridyavaran (Pericardurm), Puppusavarana Kala (Plura), Mastiskavarana  kala (Maninges), Udaravarana Kala (Peritoneuam).

 

4.   Twak Sharir (Dermatology)

 

Definition of Twak (Skin), its swaroop (structure), types and prayojana.

 

 

Part B                                                                                     50 Marks

 

5.   Uttamangiya Tantrika Sansthan Sharir (Nervous System)

 

Introduction, Definition, classification and importance of Mastishka (Brain)- 1. Brihatamastishka (Cerebrum), 2. Laghumastishka (Cerebellum), 3. Madhyamastishka (Mid brain), 4. Usnishaka (Pons), 5. Sushumna Shirsha (medulla oblongata), Sushumana Khanda (Spinal cord) Sheershanya tantrika (Cranial Nerves) and Sushmaniya Tantrika (spinal Nerves), Parisarniya Tantrika (Peripheral nervous system). Description of Swatantra Nadi Samsthan (Autonomic nervous system), Anukampiya and Paranukampiya (Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system and nerve plexuses).

 

6.   Tantra Sharir (Neuro Anatomy)

 

Satchakra Ida, Pingala, Saraswati etc.

 

 

7.   Marma Sharir

 

Description of the term Marma, their numbers, locations, different types and their terminological values.  Importance of trimarmas Charaks & sushruta concept.

 

8.   Anga Rekhankana Sharir - (Surface, Radiological and Imaging Anatomy)

 

Anga Rekhankana (Surface marking), Vikirana Rachana Sharir (Radiological Anatomy).

 

9.   Indriya  Sharir: (Sensory organs)

 

Derivation of the word Indriya, its number, Description of Panch Gyanendriya, Panch Karmendriya and Ubhayendriya (Mana). Description of the Eye, Ear, Nose, tongue, Skin and Indriya Adhisthan.

 

 

Practical

 

     Pratyakshika Vishaya (Practical topics)

 

1.   Shava Samskarana and Mruta Shodhana (Dead Body Preservation and Dissection).

2.   Shavachchedana - Dissection of whole body.

3.   Sampurna Asthi Pradarshana - Demonstration of all bones, Practical demonstration of Komala Avayava (Macro and Microscopic structures of organs) and Koshtanga (Abdominal organs). 

4.   Practical knowledge of Anga Rekhankana, surface anatomy, Sharir Vikirana Radiographic.

 

  Distribution of Practical Marks                                  200 Marks

1.   Knowledge of the dissected organs.                                           25 marks

2.    Knowledge of the delicate organs.                                   25 marks

3.   Knowledge of bones.                                                        25 marks

4.   Knowledge of Marmas.                                                      25 marks

5.   Surface Anatomy, Diagrams and Practical records.                     25 marks

6.   Daily dissection of Log Book                                             25 marks

7.   Spotting                                                                           25 marks

8.   Oral (Viva-voce)                                                               25 marks

 

 

 

 

Reference Books

 

1.   Brihat Sharirma    

:

Vaidyaratna P.S. Variyar

2.   Abhinava Sharirma

:

Acharya Damodar Sharma Gaur

3.   Manava Sharir (Revised Edition) 

:

Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte

4.   Manava Bhruna Vigyana

:

Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte

5.   Manava Anga Rekhankan Vikrian Evam Chayankan Sharir Vikiran 

:

Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte

6.   Sharir Rachana Vigyanana  (English)

:

Vaidya P.G. Athwale

7.   Mannual of Practical Anatomy

:

Cunnighum Practical Mannual Vol-1, Vol-2, Vol-3

8.   Chapters of Charaka, Sushruta and Vagbhatta Sharir Sthan

:

 

9.   Clinical  Anatomy in  Ayurveda

:

Prof. D.G. Thatte and Prof Suresh Chandra  

10.                Sharir Rachna Vigyan (English)

:

Prof. D.G. Thatte

11.                Ayurvedic Human Anatomy

:

Prof.-Dr. Giridhar M. Kanthi

12.                by Regional Anatomy

:

B. D. Chaurasia

 

 

 


1.6. KRIYA SHARIR

                        Theory- Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

                                                            Practical/ Viva voice – 100 Marks

                                                              Lectures (1 hour)               - 210

      Practicals and Demonstration (1 ½ hour)    - 90

 

Paper I                                                                                           100 Marks

 

Part A                                                                                               50 Marks

 

  1. Conceptual study of fundamental principles of Ayurvediya Kriya Sharir e.g. Panchamahabhuta, Tridosha, Triguna, Loka-Purusha Samya, Samanya Vishesha, Rasa-Virya-Vipaka etc. Description of Basics of Srotasas.
  2. Definitions and Synonyms of term ‘Sharir’, Definitions and Synonyms of term ‘Kriya’, Srishti Utpatti and its adaptation in generation of Shareera, Factors responsible for Srishti Utpatti, Difference and similarities between Prakriti and Purusha, Study of components of Purusha and in context to numerical variations (Purushabheda), Role of Shatdhatupurusha in Kriya Sharir and Chikitsa
  3. Dosha – General introduction of dosha, Classification of Doshas into ‘Sharir dosha and Manasa dosha’, ‘Prakrit dosha and Vaikrit dosha, Criteria for ‘dosha’, Doshagati, Criteria for differentiation of types of dosha (doshabheda).

a.    Vata dosha – Vyutpatti (derivation), Utpatti, Nirukti (etymology) of term ‘Vata’, General locations, general properties and general functions of Vata, Five types of Vata with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions (Prana, Udana, Samana, Vyana, Apana)

b.    Pitta dosha – Vyutpatti, Utpatti, Nirukti of term ‘Pitta’, General locations, general properties and general functions of Pitta, Five types of Pitta with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions (Pachaka, Ranjaka, Alochaka, Bhrajaka, Sadhaka); Similarities and differences between Agni and Pitta

c.    Kapha dosha- Vyutpatti, Utpatti, Nirukti of term ‘kapha’, General locations, general properties and general functions of kapha, Five types of kapha with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions (Bodhaka, Avalambaka, Kledaka, Tarpaka, Shleshaka)

d.   Etiological factors responsible for Vriddhi-Kshaya of each dosha and manifestations of Vriddhi-Kshaya of each dosha

e.    Kriyakala of dosha in view point of Charaka, Sushruta and Vagbhata and its clinical importance.

4.     a. Deha-Prakriti – Vyutpatti, Utpatti, Nirukti, various definitions and synonyms for term ‘Prakriti’, intra-uterine factors responsible for genesis of Prakriti, extra-uterine factors influencing Deha-Prakriti, classification of Deha-Prakriti, characteristics of each kind of Deha-Prakriti, clinical significance of Deha-Prakriti, Anukatva

      b. Manasa-Prakriti – classification, characteristics clinical significance.  

    5.   Modern Physiology

 

  1. Basic principles of biochemistry. Study of basic componants of food. Biochemical structure, properties, classification of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Vitamins – sources, daily requirement, functions, manifestations of hypo and hyper-vitaminosis. Biochemical study of enzymes.
  2. Definition and mechanisms of maintenance of Homeostasis. Cell Physiology. Membrane Physiology. Resting membrane potential and action potential.
  3. Physiology of Respiratory system: Functional anatomy of respiratorysystem. Definition of ventilation. Mechanism of respiration. Exchangeand transportation of gases. Neural and chemical control of respiration.Spirometry and lung function tests. Artificial respiration.
  4. Physiology of Cardio-Vascular system: Functional anatomy of cardiovascular system. Properties of cardiac muscles. Cardiac cycle. Heart sounds. Regulation of cardiac output and venous return. Physiological basis of ECG. Heart-rate and its regulation. Arterial pulse. Systemic arterial blood pressure and its control. Regional circulations. Physiology of lymphatic circulation.
  5. Modern view of somato-types, biological personality and psychological

          traits of an individual.

 

Part B                                                                                               50 Marks                       

  1. Shareera-Poshana
  1. 1. Ahara – definition and significance of ahara, classification of ahara-dravya, ahara-vidhi-vidhana, Ashta-ahara-vidhi-visheshayatana, ahara-parinamakara bhava
  2. Agni – Conceptual study of Agni, Vyutpatti, Nirukti, Synonyms of term ‘Agni’, classification of Agni, Location-properties and functions of Jatharagni, Bhutagni, and Dhatwagni role of Agni in Kriya Sharira and Chikitsa
  3. Ahara-paka-prakriya – physiology of related organs (Maha-srotas), avasthapaka, nishthapaka, Maha-srotas-pachana kriya,  sara-kitta vibhajana, saranushoshana and genesis of Vatadi dosha during ahara-pachana
  4. Definition of term ‘Koshtha’, criteria of classification of Koshtha and characteristics of each kind of Koshtha

2.   Modern physiology 

a.    Functional anatomy of gastro-intestinal tract. Descriptive physiology of digestion and absorption in gastro-intestinal tract. Mechanism of secretion and composition of different digestive juices.

 

Paper II                                                                                         100 Marks

Part A                                                                                              50 Marks

1.  Dhatu

 General introduction, definition and criteria of dhatu, Utpatti (during garbhavastha and janmottara kala), Vyutpatti, Nirukti of term ‘dhatu’; different theories related to dhatuposhana, (dhatuposhana nyaya)

i) Rasa Dhatu

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, sthan,  guna, karma, pramana of Rasa Dhatu. Physiology of Rasavaha Srotasa, Formation of Rasa Dhatu from Ahara Rasa. Circulation of Rasa (Rasa-Samvahana), Description of Ashtavidha Sara (8 types of Sara). Characteristics of Twakasara Purusha. Conceptualstudy of Mutual interdependence (ashraya-ashrayi bhava) between Rasa and Kapha. Manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Rasa.

ii) Raktadhatu  

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, synonyms, sthan,  guna, karma and pramana of Rakta dhatu; panchabhautikatva of Rakta Dhatu,  physiology of Raktavaha Srotas, Formation of Raktadhatu, Ranjana of Rasa by Ranjaka Pitta, Features of Shuddha Rakta, Specific functions of Rakta, characteristics of Raktasara Purusha; manifestations  of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Raktadhatu, Mutual interdependence between Rakta and Pitta.

 

iii) Mamsadhatu        

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, synonyms, sthan, guna, karma and pramana of mamsa dhatu, Physiology of Mamsavaha Srotasa,  Formation of Mamsadhatu, characteristics of Mamsasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Mamsadhatu.

iv) Medo Dhatu

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, sthan, guna, karma and pramana of medodhatu, physiology of Medovaha Srotas, formation of Medo dhatu, characteristics of  Medosara Purusha and manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Meda.

v) Asthi Dhatu

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, synonyms, sthan, guna, karma of Asthi dhatu; Physiology of Asthivaha Srotas and formation of Asthi dhatu, characteristics of Asthisara Purusha, Mutual interdependence of Vata and Asthi dhatu, manifestations  of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Asthi dhatu.

vi) Majja Dhatu

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, types, sthan, guna, karma and pramana of Majja Dhatu, physiology of Majjavaha Srotas, formation of Majja dhatu, characteristics of Majja Sara Purusha, Rakta-Pitta-Majja relation, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Majja dhatu.

vii) Shukra Dhatu

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, sthan, guna, karma and pramana of Shukra dhatu, physiology of Shukravaha srotas and formation of Shukra dhatu; features of Shuddha and Dushita Shukra, characteristics of Shukrasara Purusha, manifestations  of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Shukra dhatu.

2. Ojas

Vyutpatti, Nirukti, synonyms, definition, utpatti sthan, guna, karma and pramana of Ojas,  classification of Oja (Ojobheda), conceptual study of Vyadhikshamatva; Bala vrudhikara bhava, Balabheda, Relation between shleshma, bala and ojas; Etiological factors and manifestatioins of   Oja kshaya, Visramsa and Vyapat; physiological and clinical significance of Oja Vayasthapana

3. Upadhatu

  1. General introduction, Vyutpatti and Nirukti of the term ‘Upadhatu’. Utpatti, Poshan, Samkha, Praman, Guna, Sthan and Karma of Upadhatu.
  2. Stanya –Nirukti, definition, utpatti guna karma, praman of Stanya; characteristics and assessment of shuddh and dushita Stanya, manifestations of Vriddhi and kshaya of Stanya
  3. Artava –Nirukti, definition, Utpatti, guna karma of Artava, characteristics of shuddha and dushita Artava, difference between Raja and Artava, physiology of Artavavaha srotas and Artavachakra
  4. Tvak – Utpatti, Nirukti, guna, Praman, karma and bheda.  Layer wise diseases of Tvak.

 

 

4.  Modern physiology

 

  1. Haemopoetic system – composition, functions of blood and blood cells, Haemopoiesis- (stages and development of RBCs, WBCs and platelets); Introduction to bone marrow: composition and functions of bone marrow. Structure and functions of haemoglobin, mechanism of blood clotting, anticoagulants, study of platelets, physiological basis of blood groups, principles of blood transfusion, plasma proteins- synthesis and functions. Applied physiology: anaemia, jaundice. Basics of Immunity – Classification and Mechanisms. Hypersensitivity. Physiological basis of immunization.
  2. Muscle physiology – comparative study of physiology of skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles and smooth muscles. Physiology of muscle contraction.
  3. Physiology of adipose tissue, lipo proteins like VLDL, LDL and HDL.
  4. Calcium metabolism: hormonal control of calcium metabolism. Functions of vitamin D, parathormone and calcitonin. Bone and teeth.
  5. Structure and functions of skin, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.
  6. Physiological study of male and female reproductive systems. Spermatogenesis and oogenesis. Hormonal regulation of menstrual cycle.

      Physiology of pregnancy and lactation.

 

Part B                                                                                               50 Marks

1. Mala - Vyutpatti, Nirukti of term ‘mala’; General introduction of Mala, Utpatti    (during garbhavastha and janmottara kala),

2. Aharamala – Enumeration and formation of Aharamala

a.    Mutra –Vyutpatti, Nirukti, praman, sthan, guna, karma, and physiology of Mutravaha srotas; formation of Mutra, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Mutra

b.    Purisha –Vyutpatti, Nirukti, praman, sthan, guna, karma, and physiology of Purishavaha srotas; formation of Purisha, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Purisha

3. Sweda –Vyutpatti, Nirukti, praman, sthan, guna, karma, and physiology of Swedavaha srotas; formation of Sweda, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Sweda

4. Dhatu mala – Utpatti, Nirukti, sthan, guna karma, samkhya, praman of each dhatu mala; etiological  factors and clinical manifestations of each dhatu mala

5. Panchajnyanendriya – Physiological study of Panchajnyanendriya, and physiology of Shabda, Sparsha, Roopa, Rasa, Gandha. Process of Dnyana-grahana; Indriya-pancha-panchaka; Physiological study of Karmendriya.

6. Manas – Utpatti, Vyutpatti, Nirukti, synonyms, swaroopa, sthan, guna, vishaya, karma of Manas, and physiology of Manovaha srotas; physiological and clinical significance of Manas

7. Atma –Nirukti, definition, sthan, guna, karma, and difference between Paramatma and Jeevatma; characteristics of existence of Atma

8. Buddhi – Sthan, prakara, karma of Buddhi; Physiology of dhee, dhriti and smriti

7. Nidra – Nidrotpatti, Nidrabheda, physiological and clinical significance of Nidra; Swapnotpatti and Swapnabheda

8.  Modern physiology

a.    General introduction to nervous system – neurons, mechanism of propagation of nerve impulse, physiological study of CNS, PNS, ANS; physiological study of sensory and motor functions of nervous system. Functions of different parts of brain - Cerebral cortex, Hypothalamus, Limbic system, Midbrain, Pons, Medulla and Cerebellum. Physiology of special senses. Intelligence, Memory, Learning and Motivation. Physiology of sleep and dreams. Physiology of speech and articulation; EEG. Physiology of temperature regulation.

 

b.    Endocrine glands General introduction to endocrine system,classification and characteristics of hormones, physiological study of all endocrine glands and their hormones.

 

c.     Urinary tract physiology – Functional anatomy of urinary tract. Functions of kidneys. Mechanism of formation of urine. Control of micturition.Renal function tests.

 

PRACTICAL

A) Ayurvedic practical

1.       Assessment of Dosha (Vriddhi kshaya lakshana)

2.       Assessment of Dhatu – a. Sharirbala

                                b. Manasabala

3.       Assessment of Mala –

a.    Examination of Mala by Shabda, Sparsha, Roopa Rasa and Gandha

b.    Mutra (taila bindu pareeksha)

c.    Purisha  (jale nimajjati pareeksha)

4.       Assessment of Vaya

5.       Anguli pariksha

6.       Assessment of Ayu in Charaka-Samhita

7.       Assessment of Agni

8.       Assessment of Koshtha

9.       Assessment of Prakriti

10.    Assessment of Sara

11.    Satmya Pariksha

12.    Nadi pariksha

13.    Stanya pariksha

 

B) Modern practical

1.   Use and care of compound microscope

2.   Types, uses and care of balances

3.   Collection of blood sample – prick, venepuncture method and bulbs, apparatus for collection

4.   Preparation of blood film and staining

5.   Hemoglobinometry

6.   Microscopic  examination of blood

a.    RBC count

b.    WBC count

c.    Differential leucocyte count

7.   Packed cell volume(PCV) demonstration

8.   ESR demonstration

9.   Bleeding time

10.                Clotting time

11.                Blood grouping and Rh typing

12.                Examination of Cardio-Vascular system 

a.    Pulse examination

b.    Arterial blood pressure measurement

c.    Examination of heart sounds by stethoscope

d.   ECG demonstration

13.                Examination of Respiratory system

a.    Respiratory rate

b.    Air entry with the stethoscope

c.    Spirometry

14.                Examination of CNS – Reflexes

15.                Urine examination – Collection of urine, physical examination, chemical examination and microscopic examination.

Test for normal constituents of urine

Following chemical examinations for abnormal constituents are expected

a.    albumin test

b.    sugar test

c.    acetone bodies

d.   bile salts and pigment

e.    occult blood

16.                 Stool examination – Collection of stool, physical examination, chemical examination and microscopic examination

17.                Examination of semen

18.                 Measurement of body temperature

19.                 Study of instruments related to physiology practicals.

 

Reference  Books

1.  

Ayurvedya Kriya Sharira

-

Vd. Ranjeet Roy

2.  

Abhinava Sharira Kriya Vigyana

-

Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

3.  

Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana

-

Shankar Gangadhar Vaidya

4.  

Prakrita Dosha Vigyana

-

Acharya Niranjana Dev

5.  

Tridosha Vigyana

-

Shri Upendranath Das

6.  

Sharira Tatva darshana

-

Hirlekar Shastri

7.  

Prakrita Agni Vigyana

-

Niranjana Dev

8.  

Deha Dhatvagni Vigyana

-

Vd. Pt. Haridutt Shastri

9.  

Sharira Kriya Vigyana (Pt. 1-2)

-

Acharya Purnchandra Jain

10.         

Sharira Kriya Vigyana

-

Shri Moreshwar Dutt. Vd.

11.         

Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana

-

Basant Kumar Shrimal

12.         

Abhinava Sharira Kriya Vigyana

-

Dr. Shiv Kumar Gaur

13.         

Pragyogik Kriya Sharira

-

Acharya P.C. Jain

14.         

Physiology

-

Gyton

15.         

Kaya Chikitsa Parichaya

-

Dr. C. Dwarkanath

16.         

Concept of Agni

-

Vd. Bhagwan Das

17.         

Physiology

-

Chatterjee

18.         

Purush Vichaya

-

Acharya V.J. Thakar

19.         

Useful parts of Charaka, Sushurut, Vagbhata.

 

 

 

 


2.1. CHARAK SAMHITA

 

(Purvardha: Sutra - Nidana - Vimana - Sharir - Indriya Stana)

Theory- One Paper– 100 Marks

                                                             Practical/ Viva voice – 50 Marks

                                                              Lectures              - 100

(Charaka Purvardha)Distribution of theory marks according to Sthan

Sl.No

Name of the Sthan

Marks to be allotted

1.

Sutra Sthan

       40

2.

Nidana Sthan

       15

3.

Vimana Sthan

       20

4.

Sharir Sthan

       15

5.

Indriya Sthan

       10

 

Distribution of marks for Practical Examination is as follows    

1.

Table (Chart) preparation / Compilation

 

2.

Presentation of any 10 Shlokas out of total memorized Shlokas(Written & Oral)

 

3.

Analysis of Srotasas, Discussions about Dhatus and their vriddhi and kshaya (Phenomenon of their increase and decrease). Ten proforma/ case sheets should be filled from the IPD/OPD.

40 Marks

4.

Assessment of Arishtas. (Five proforma/case sheets should be filled from the IPD/OPD.)­­­­

 

5.

Viva Voice

 

6.

Internal Assessment

  10 Marks

Parameters for internal Assessment

Memorizing and describing two shlokas weekly, discipline, oral and written presentation and other activities.

Other activities include following instructions

 

1.   Memorizing two shlokas weekly, (Monthly Ten shlokas in professional year of 1 year and 6 month. A log book of memorized shlokas, corrected and signed by the class teacher is to be submitted at time of examination.                               

(The shlokas should be memorized as discussed above in a span of one year and six months)

2.   Passage writing                                                                    

3.   Speech related to Charaka                                                    

                  

TEXT BOOKS

1.       Charaka Samhita -Chakrapani Teeka (Sanskrit Commentary)

2.      Charaka Samhita (Hindi Commentary):

§     Vaidya Jayadev Vidyalankar or Vd. Atridev Vidyalankar or

§     Prof. Gorakha nath Chaturvedi & Kashinath Shastri         or

§     Dr. Brahmanand Tripathy or

§     Dr. Ravidutta Tripathy

3.      Charaka Samhita (English Commentary):

§     Dr. Ram Karan Sharma & Vd. Bhagwan Dash or Acharya Priyavrata Sharma.

 

 


2.2 SWASTHAVRITTA

Theory- Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

                                                            Practical/ Viva voice – 100 Marks

                                                              Lectures               - 180

      Practicals and Demonstration – 50 hrs

Paper I                                                                                           100 Marks

Part A                                                                                               50 Marks

Vaiyaktika Swasthavrittam                

I.            Vyaktigata Swasthyam (Personal Hygiene)

 

i) Introduction

1.   Definition of Swastha & Swasthya

2.   Arogyalingani (Signs of Health)    

3.   Definition of Swasthavritta  

4.   Swasthavritta prayojanamavum Mahatvam (Objectives&Importance of Swasthavritta) 

5.   WHO Definition of Health    

6.   Dimensions of health
a) Physical        b) Mental    
c)Social

7.  Concept of well being           
a) Objective                 b) Subjective
c) Standard of living     d) Quality of life                              

    

 

 

ii) Dinacharya

 

1. Definition of Dinacharya      

2.           Aims and importance of dinacharya.

3. Brahma Muhurta avum Utthishta  

4.  Usha Jalapana

5. Sarirachinta

6. Malatyaga        

7. Mukha prakshalana

8. Dantadhavana

9. Preparation of Ayurvedic dental powder and paste         

10.       Jihvanirlekhana vidhi (Tongue cleaning)

11.  Anjana

12.       Pratimarsa Nasya

13.  Gandusha

14.       Kabaladharana

15.  Dhoomapana

16.       Abhyangam

17.  Udvartanam

18.       Utsadana

19.  Vyayama

20.       Chankramana - Benefits of Walking, Jogging, Swimming, Gymnastics, Sports and games and its application in health and disease

21.  Snanam         

22.       Anulepanam

23.  Vastradharanam      

24.       Tambulasevanam

 

 iii) Ratricharya  

1.Sandhyacharya 2.Ratribhojana vidhi 3.Sayanavidhi     

                                                                         

iv)  Ritucharya

1.   Importance of Ritucharya    

2.   Ritus as per different acharyas     

3.   Adana kala & Visargakala

4.   Sanchaya, Prakopa-Prashama of Doshas and their Uttpatti in Ritus

5.   Doshashodhana in samanya ritu

6.   Relation of Agni bala and ritu

7.   Ahara-Vihara, Pathya- Apathya in different ritus

8.   a) Ritusandhi  b) Yamadamshtra c) Rituharitaki d) Rituviparyaya

 

                                                                                                                         

v) Sadvritta

1.   Description of Sadvritta and Achara Rasayana - their role in Prevention of psycho-somatic disorders

2.   Social aspect of Psychology  according to Ayurveda

3.   Concept of Mental Health according to Ayurveda and Modern medicine

 

vi) Trayopastambhas (Three pillars of health)

1.    Ahara

1.Nirukti, Swarupa, Pramukhatvam 2. Ahara dravya Vargeekaranam 3.Aharavidhi Vidhana 4. Dwadasha Ashanapravicharana 5. Ashtaharvidhi viseshayatanani 6. Aharaparinamakara bhava 7. Pathyahara 8. Apathyahara     9. Samasana 10. Adhyasana      11. Vishamasana 12. Bhojanapachana avadhi 13. Aharadushparinama, tajjanya vyadhaya 14. Santarpanajanya vyadhi        15. Apatarpanjanya vyadhi 16. Viruddhahara  and its effects 17.Proximate principles of Food 18. Nutritional requirements 19. Balance diet for          (a) Workers –Sedentary /Moderate / Hard  (b)Pregnant and lactating women    (c) Children (d) Infants 20. Sources and deficiency diseases of Protein, Carbohy-drate, Fat , Minerals and Vitamins 21. Shadrasabhojanasya mahatwam            22. Dietetic standards 23. National Nutritional programmes  24. Social aspects of nutrition 25. Food groups -Dhanya varga(Cereals and millets), Saka and Harita varga (Leafy and Non leafy vegetables),Kanda varga (roots and tubers), Phala varga(Fruits), Taila varga(Fats &Oils), Ikshu varga (Jaggery, sugar,honey ), Jala varga & Madya varga (Beverages), Dugdha varga (Milk and Milk products), Masala and vyanjana dravyas (Spices & Condiments), Kritanna varga(Prepared Food), Mamsa varga (Meat types) 26. Food hygiene 27. Milk hygiene 28. Milk composition 29. Source of infection (for Milk)30. Milk borne diseases 31. Clean and safe milk 32. Pasteurization of milk 33. Meat hygiene 34. Meat inspection 35. Slaughter house 36. Freshness of fish and egg 37. Fruits and Vegetable hygiene 38. Sanitation of eating places 39. Preservation of food      40. Food handlers 41. Food borne diseases 42. Balanced diet for  43. Food fortification 44. Food toxicants 45. Properties of Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian diet          46. Effects of Spices and condiments 47. Consumption of Alcohol and its effects.

                                                                  

A.   II. Ayurvedic Diet in Life Style Disorders     

a.    Diabetes

b.    Hypertension

c.    Obesity

d.   Coronary heart Disease.

 

2.   Nidra

1.   Nirukti and Utpatti

2.   Types of Nidra (sleep)

3.   Yogya nidra vidhi

4.   Nidra – Swasthya sambandha

5.   Duration of sleep according to age 

6.   Sleep in healthy and diseased persons

7.   Properties of Yukta Nidra

8.   Effects of Ratri Jagrana

9.   Diwaswapna                           

10.               Anidra                           

11.               Atinidra                         

12.               Ahara and Vihara causing disturbed sleep

13.               Ahara and Vihara causing sound sleep       

 

3.   Brahmacharya

1.   Brahmacharya vyakhya  and Abrahmacharya vyakhya

2.   Importance of Brahmacharya and Abrahmacharya

3.   Vyavaya sambandhi niyamas

4.   Effects of Ativyavaya

5.   Veeryotpatti             

6.   Methods of Virya Raksha, Surataspraha (Libido) through Vajeekarana

7.   Viryanasa phala

8.   Menstrual Hygiene

 

vii) Roganutpadaneeya:-

1.   Concept of vega- Adharaneeya Vega and Dharaneeya Vega                     

2.   Diseases due to vegadharana and their chikitsa                    

3.   Upavasa                                                   

4.   Rasayana for Swastha

5.   Prajnaparadham 

6.   Sarira rakshanatmaka karyani

7.   Sarira ahithakara karyani

8.   Sareerasodhanam

 

Part B                                                                                        50 Marks

Sarvajanika- Samajika Swasthavrittam (Public Health)

I. Janapadodhwamsa

1.   Causes

2.   Manifestations and control measures

3.   Importance of Panchakarma and Rasayana

4.   Vyadhikshamatva and the role of Rasayana

 

 

 

II. Vayu (Air)

 

1.   Vayu guna, Vayu swasthya sambandha   6. Air pollution – health and social aspects

2.   Composition                                            7. Prevention and control of air pollution

3.   Air of occupied room                                8. Ventilation and its types

4.   Discomfort and comfortable zone            9.Vayu shuddhi prakara (Disinfection of air)

5.   Air movement                                          10. Mountain air & High altitude –

     Health problems.

 

III.       Jala (Water)

 

1.   Jala mahatva – biological            8.Water related diseases

importance of water       

2.   Safe and wholesome water                  9.Purification of Water (Jalasuddhi upayas)

3.   Requirement and uses               10.Hardness of Water

4.   Properties of water                     11.Water examination.

5.   Types of water                           12.Shad jala dosha

6.   Water sources                            13.Water problems of India

7.   Water pollution                           14.Rain Water Harvesting and water recycling

 

IV.Bhumi (Land & Housing)

 

1.     Types of soil                               6. Housing standards

2.     Soil & Health                               7. Rural housing

3.     Bhumi shodhana                        8. Housing and health

4.     Nivasayogya bhumi                    9. Over crowding

5.     Social goals of housing               10. Pasu sala (Cattle shed)

 

V.  Prakasa (Lighting)    

1.   Requirements of good lighting                  3. Artificial Lighting

2.   Natural Lighting                                        4. Biological effects lighting

 

VI. Dhwani pradushana (Noise) – Sources, Effects & control

VII. Vikirana (radiation)       - Sources, Effects & control

VIII. Apadravya nirmulana (Disposal of solid waste)

1.    Different types of solid waste

2.    Storage and collection of refuse

3.    Methods of disposal of solid waste (Rural & Urban)

4.    Bio- Medical waste management

 

IX. Malanishkasana vyavastha (Excreta disposal)

1.   Unsewered area

2.   Sewered area            

3.    Latrines for camps, fairs and festivals.

 

X. Disaster Management

XI. Occupational Health

1.   Occupational Hazards                    2. Occupational Diseases

3.Prevention of Occupational Diseases         4. ESI Act and factories Act.

5.   Offensive trades – Effects on health and precaution measures

 

XII. School Health Services

1.   Health Problems of School Children

2.   Aspects of School Health services

3.   Duties of  School Medical Officer

4.   Maintenance of healthful environment.

 

XIII. Epidemiology

1.    Concept of  Epidemiology          11.Dynamics of Disease transmission

2.    Concept of disease                    12.Modes of transmission

3.    Concept of causation                  13.Susceptible host

4.    Epidemiological triad                  14.Host defenses

5.    Natural history of disease          15.Immunizing Agents

6.    Risk factors                               16.Disease prevention and control

7.    Concept of control                     17.Disinfection

8.    Concept of prevention                         

9.    Modes of intervention                         

10.   Incidence and prevalence

                

18. Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases

 

a)   Measles

b)   Diphtheria       

c)   Pertussis

d)   Mumps

e)   Tuberculosis

f)    SARS

g)   Influenza

h)   Pneumonia

i)     Cholera

j)    Polio      

k)   Viral Hepatitis

l)     Typhoid 

m) Leptospirosis

n)   Dengue fever

o)   Chikungunya

p)   Malaria   

q)   Filariasis

r)    Leprosy

s)   Rabies

t)    Tetanus

u)   Emerging and re- emerging diseases

 

19. Kuprasangaja vyadhis (STD s)

          a) AIDS       b) Syphilis     c) Gonorrhoea       d) Chanchroid

20.  Ayurvedic paribhasha of sankramika rogas

21. Non - Communicable disease epidemiology     

a) Diabetes  b) Obesity    c) Hypertension     d) Coronary heart Disease       

e) Rheumatic Heart disease      f) Cancer

XIV. Disposal of Dead body

a)     Burning          b) Burial      c) Electric cremation

XV. Chikitsalaya Bhavana (Hospital Building)

XVI. Meteorology (Ritu evam vatavarana jnana)

 

Paper II                                                                                 100 Marks

Yoga & Nisargopachara

Part  A                                                                                    50 marks

Yoga

I.    Etymology

II. Definitions                                      

III. Development of Yoga (From ancient time to present time)

IV.  Different Streams of Yoga

a)   Jnana Yoga b) Bhakti Yoga  c) Raja Yoga d) Hathayoga – features & objectives.

V.  Eight Branches of Yoga                                     

     1. Yama  

2. Niyama                              

     3 Asana and its importance                                                

a) Suryanamaskara

b) Standing postures-

1.  Ardhakatichakrasana     2. Padahasthasana

3. Ardhachakrasana            4. Trikonasana     

c) Sitting Postures-

1. Padmasana           2. Vajrasana          3. Bhadrasana                                 

4. Sasankasana         5. Ushtrasana        6. Paschimottanasana   

7. Suptavajrasana      8. Gomukhasana     9. Ardhamatsyendrasana                

10. Sidhasana

d) Supine postures-       

1 . Pavanamuktasana    2. Sarvangasana 3. Matsyasana      

 4. Halasana                     5. Chakrasana     6. Savasana

e) Prone postures-

1. Bhujangasana   2. Salabhasana               3. Dhanurasana   

4. Makarasana      

f)   concept of Mitahara & Pathyahara

 

          4. Pranayama              

a) Benefits of Pranayama          b) Nadi sudhi pranayama         

c) Time of practice -Avara-Pravara-Madhyama lakshanam        

d) Pathyapathyahara during pranayama      e) Yuktayukta lakshana

f)  Nadi suddhi lakshanam                                                                

         g) Kumbhakabheda                                     

            i) Suryabhedana    ii) Ujjayi             iii) Shitali      iv) Sitkati             

           v) Bhasthrika       vi) Bhramari         vii) Murcha  viii) Plavani

h)   Shad chakras, ida, pingala and sushumna

i)     Shadkarmani

j)    Bandhas and Mudras

 

5.           Pratyahara                                                                   

6.           Dharana                                                                       

7.           Dhyana

8.           Samadhi                                                                                                   

VI.        Description of Yoga in Ayurveda            

                            

1.     Manodosha chikitsa                                     4. Mokshasyalakshana

2.     Sukha dukha nivrutti                                   5. Ashta Aiswarya 

3.     Yoga and moksha                                        6. Satyabudhhi

7.    Muktatma lakshana                          

 

VII.      Panchakosha theory

 

a) Annamayakosha                                          c). Manomayakosha

b) Pranamayakosha                                         d). Vijnanamayakosha

e).Anandamayakosha

 

 

VIII.   Integrated Approach of Yoga therapy

 

IX.        Yoga package for LBA, Obesity, Asthma, Diabetes.

 

X.           Effect of Yoga practice on physical and mental doshas.

Nisargopachara

I.   Prakritika Chikitsa (Natural Treatment)

 

1.   Definition & History

2.   Aims and  objectives

3.   Relation of Ayurveda and naturopathy

4.   Schools of Naturopathy – Western School

5.   Schools of Naturopathy – Indian School (Pancha bhutopasana)

6.   Importance in present era

 

II.        Jala Chikitsa

 

1.   Hot water treatment                      6.Hip bath

2.   Cold water treatment                     7.Abdomen wet pack

3.   Foot bath                                                8.Steam bath

4.   Hand bath                                     9.Enema

5.   Spinal bath                                    10.Whirlpool bath

 

 III. Mrittika Chikitsa (Mud Therapy)

1. Types of soil or mud                           

2. Doctrine of mud selection

3. Mud bath

 

IV.     Surya Kirana sevana (Sun bath-Haelio therapy & Chromotherapy)

 

V.     Mardana  (Massage)  - Different methods of Mardana

 

VI.      Diet -   Types                         

1)    Soothing      2) Eliminative          3) Constructive diets.

    a) Positive         b) Negative

VII.   Upvasa Chikitsa(Fasting)

 

1.   Importance  2. Types     3. Therapeutic effect

 

Part B                                                                                               50 Marks

Community Health Care

I.    Prathamika Swasthya Samrakshana ( Primary Health Care)

1.   Definition

2.   Principles

3.   Elements

4.   Structure – at Village level, Sub centre level, PHC level, CHC level, Hospitals, Health Insurance, Private agencies, AYUSH, Voluntary health agencies in India and N.G.Os.

5.   Role of Ayurveda in Primary Health Care in India

 

 

II. Parivara Kalyana Karyakrama (Family Welfare Programmes)

 

1.   Demography

2.   Demographic Cycle

3.   Life Expectancy

4.   Family Planning

5.   Methods of Family Planning.

 

III.       Rasthriya Karyakrama (National Programmes)

 

1.   Tuberculosis(RNTCP)

2.   Leprosy(NLEP)

3.   AIDS(NACP)

4.   Blindness(NPCB)

5.   Polio(PPI)

6.   Diabetes(NDCP)

7.   Cancer(NCCP)

8.   National Rural Health Mission(NRHM)

9.   National Anti  Malaria Programme

10.                National Filaria Control Programme

11.                UIP(Universal Immunisation Programme)

12.                RCH(Reproductive and Child Health programme)

13.                National water supply and sanitation programme

14.                Minimum needs programme

15.                All emerging National health programmes.

 

IV.        Matru- Shishu Kalyana Karyakrama (Mother and Child Welfare Programme)

 

1.   Ante natal care

2.   Post natal care

3.   Neo natal care

4.   Child health problems

5.   Indicators of MCH care

 

V.   Preventive Geriatrics.

VI.        International Health

 

1.   Vishwa Swasthya Sangathana (World Health Organization)

2.   Objectives, Structure and function of WHO

3.   Alma- Ata declaration

4.   National Health Policy and Importance of Ayurveda in it.

5.   United Nations agencies.

6.   Health work of bilateral agencies

 

 

VII.      Swasthya Prashasana (Health Systems in India)

1.   Central level

2.   State level

3.   District level

4.   AYUSH

     VIII. Health statistics

1. Definition of statistics/health statistics/vital statistics

2. Sources and uses of health statistics.

3. Data Collection, classification and Presentation

4. Mean

5. Median

6. Mode

7. Health survey

8. Mortality rates, Morbidity rates and Fertility rates

 

PRACTICAL

  1. Vyktigata swasthya-      

a) Pratimarsa Nasya b) Anjana  c) Dhumapana d) Kavala e) Gandusha

f) Udvartanam       g) Abhyangam

  1. Aharadravya parichaya 
  2. Immunizing agents 
  3.  Disinfectants                          
  4. Family Planning appliances  
  5. Yogic kriyas

         a) Vamana Dhauthi    b) Jala Neti      c) Sutraneti     d) Kapalabhati

  1. Yogasanas- Demonstration of 24 Asanas explained in syllabus.
  2. Pranayama  &  Meditation                                              

a) Nadisudhi   b) Ujjayi   c) Suryabhedana     d) Sitali

e) Sitkari        f) Bhastrika        g) Bhramari

  1.  Naturopathy Practical                                 

          a) Baths        b) Mud therapy   c) Sunbath             d)Fasting

  1.  Observe the functioning of                        

a) Water purification plant        b) Sewage treatment plant                

c) Pasteurization unit                d) Leprosy sanatorium                           

e) Industrial unit            

     Lecture – Cum – Demonstration at

       a) Rural Ayurvedic Dispensary     b) Primary Health Centre                   

       c) Maternity and Child Hospital                      

  1.  Health survey      

                  

  1.  There should be 5 case sheets of Pathyapathya, Yoga  and  Naturopathy    

together for Swastha persons and 5 cases sheets of Communicable      diseases.

 

Practical & Viva voice examination –

    Mark distribution                                                                     100 Marks

1. Personal Hygiene                                                                       20 Marks

2. Public and social health                                                             20 Marks

3. Demonstration of Yoga                                                              10 Marks

4. Naturopathy                                                                             10 Marks

5. Daily works                                                                               10 Marks

6. Viva – Voce                                                                               30 Marks

 

REFERENCE BOOKS

Relevant portions of Charaka, Sushruta, Vagbhata, Sharangadhara, Bhavaprakasha, Madhavanidana, Yogaratnakara & Bhela Samhita.

Swasthvritta Samucchya

-

Pt. Rajeshwardutt Shastri

Swasthya Vigyan

-

Dr. Bhaskar Govind Ghanekar

Swasthya Vigyan

-

Dr. Mukund Swaroop Verma

Ayurvediya Hitopdesa

-

Vd. Ranjeet Rai Desai

Yoga and Ayurveda

-

Dr. Ramkumar Jain

Swasthvirtta Vigyan

-

Dr. Ram Harsh Singh

Swasthvrittama

-

Dr. Brahmanand Tripathi

Ayurvediya Swasthvritta

-

Jahulkar

Hathayoga Pradeepika )

-

Swatmaram Yogendra

Yogic Yoga Paddhati

-

Bhartiya Prakratika Chikitsa Parishada

Yogic Chikitsa

-

Shri Kedar Nath Gupta

Prakratik Chikitsa Vidhi

-

Sharda Prasad

Prakritik Chikitsa Vigyan

-

Verma

Jansanakhya Shiksha Siddhant Evam Updeysa

-

Dr. Nirmal Sahani

Health Administration in India

-

S.C. Seel

Swasthavrittama

-

Dr. Shiv Kumar Gaur

Health and Family Welfare

-

T.L. Devraj

Sachitra Yogasan Darshika

-

Dr- Indra Mohan Jha

Preventive & Social Medicine

-

J.K. Park

Yogadeepika

-

Shri Ayyangar

Swasthavritta

-

Vaidya Sakad

Positive Health

-

Dr. L.P. Gupta

Biogenic Secrets of Food in Ayurveda

-

Dr. L.P. Gupa

Yoga & Yogic Chikitsa

-

Ram Harsh Singh

Smritigranthon mein nihita Swasthaparaka Samagri

-

Dr. Smt. Nigam Sharma

The Foundations of Contemporary Yoga

-

R.H. Singh

Yoga Siddhant Evam Sadhana

Dr. Reddy’s Comprehensive guide to Swathavritha

-

Harikrishna Shastri Datar

Dr. P.Sudhakar Reddy

 

 

 


2.3 DRAVYAGUN VIGYAN

 

     Theory Two Papers– 100 Marks Each

                                                             Practical/Viva voice – 200 Marks

                                                              Lectures               - 180

      Practicals and Demonstration – 90

Paper I                                                                                         100 Marks

Part A                                                                                              50 Marks

 

1.   DravyagunaShastra Lakshana and fundamental principles of Dravyaguna Shastra, General Introduction of Sapta padartha – (Dravya, Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka,- Prabhava and Karma.) Pancha padartha (Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka,- Prabhava),

 

2.    Dravya Lakshana of Dravya, Panchabhautikatwa, Aushadhatva, Dravya Pradhanye yuktyah (arguments for importance of dravya).  Classification of Dravya ,according to Chetan-achetan (living – Non Living), karya-karan, Utpatti (Origin), Yoni (Mode of Origin), Rasa, Virya, Vipaka, Prayoga (Use), Dosha karma (Action on Dosha), method of Dravya classification according to Brhattrayi and according to Taxonomy.

 

3.   Guna Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of Gurvadi and Paradi Gunas.

 

4.   Rasa Etymological Derivation, definition,  Meaning  of “Rasa” in various contexts, 6 Rasas( Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik origin of Rasa, Nirvrittiviseshakramh (manifestation in general and particular), Ritu prabhava(effect of season ),Rasanurasayo bheda(Difference between rasa and anurasa) Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of 6 Rasa., Kopana and shamana of Dosha and dushya by  6 rasa, Rasaskandha, Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Perception of Rasa.(Rasopalabdhi), Presentational use of Rasa in diet and medicine (Rasa seven Kramah). 

 

5.   Vipaka Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka, Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka, Grades of Vipaka( taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Knowledge/Understanding  of Vipaka). Differences between Rasa and Vipaka.

 

6.   Virya Etymological derivation, definition and Nature of Virya, Numbers of Virya. (Dwividha &Ashtavidha), Panchabhauthikatva, Virya karmani, (Effects of Virya) General principles in determination of virya along with exceptions. Arguments for importance of virya along with exceptions

 

7.   Prabhava Etymology and definition, Effects of Prabhava, Samanyapratyarabdha, Vichitrapratyarabdha, Arguments for Predominance of prabhava.

 

8.   Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Vipaka-Virya-prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana).

 

9.   Karma Nirukti lakshana swaroopa and bheda of karma (Etymological derivation, definition, nature and types of action). Karma according to ancient and modern views. Define with mode of action of the following karmas with examples –

 

1.   Deepana

2.   Pachana

3.   Sanshodhana

4.   Sanshamana

5.   Anulomana

6.   Sransana

7.   Bhedana

8.   Rechana

9.   Chhedana

10.        Lekhana

11.        Grahi

12.        Sthambhana

13.        Madakari

14.        Pramathi

15.        Abhishyandhi

16.        Vyavayi

17.        Vikashi

18.        Rasayana

19.        Vajeekarana

20.        Jeevaneeya

21.        Balya

22.        Brimhana

23.        Langhana

24.        Medhya

25.        Kesya

26.        Chakshushya

27.        Varnya

28.        Dantya

29.        Hridya

30.        Sanjnasthapana

31.        Vedanasthapana

32.        Prajasthapana

33.        Sonithasthapana

34.        Raktaprasadana

35.        Shukrala

36.        Sukrajanana

37.        Sukrarechaka

38.   Sukrasthambhaka

39.        Sukrasodhana

40.        Stanyajanana

41.        Stanyashodhana

42.        Mutravirechaniya

43.        Mutravirajaniya

44.        Pureeshavirajaneeya

45.        Pureeshasangrahaneeya

46.        Swedasangrahaka

47.        swedana

48.        Swedopaga

49.        snehana

50.        Snehopaga

51.        vamana

52.        Vamanopaga

53.        Virechana

54.        Virechanopaga

55.        Sirovirechanopaga

56.        Asthapanopaga

57.        Anuvasanopaga

58.    Hikkanigrhana

59.        Trishnanigrahana

60.        Chhardinigrahana

61.        Dahaprashamana

62.        Shitaprashamana

63.        Angamardaprashamana

64.        Jvarahara

65.        Shramahara

66.        Shothahara

67.        Swashara

68.        Kasahara

69.        Shoolaprashamana

70.        Truptighna

71.        Kandugna

72.        Kushtagna

73.        Krumighna

74.        Arshoghna

75.        Vishaghna

76.        Sandhaniya

77.        Vranaropana

78.        Ashmaribhedhana

 

 

 

 Part B                                                                                              50 Marks

10. Description of the following classes(Ganas) of Dravyas depending upon                     their similarity, morphology, properties, action, class, and effects: -

a)   Audbhida Ganas(Vegetable origin) 

Brihatpanchamoola, Laghupanchamoola, Vallipanchamoola, Kantakapanchamoola, Triahpanchamoola, Madhyamapanchamoola, Jeevaneeya panchamoola, Panchapallava, Panchavalakala, Triphala, Trikatu, Trimada, Chaturusana, Panchakola, Shadoosana, Chaturbeeja, Jeevaniya gana. Ashtavarga, Trijataka, Chaturajataka, Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta, Amlapanchaka, Chaturbhadra,Trikarshika, Swalpatriphala, Madhuratriphala, Mahavisha, Upavisha, Knowledge of Agryoushadha Varga with example.

b)   Jangama Ganas  (Animal origin)- Ksheerashtaka, Mutrashtaka, Pitta   panchaka.

c)   Parthiva Ganas (Mineral origin) - Lavana Panchaka, Kshara dvaya, Kshara Ashtaka.

11. Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.     Ecology- Classification of geographical area (desha) and soil (bhumi), collection of dravya, Nature and quality of drug to be collected (swarupa of sangrahya dravya), Method of collection (Sangrahana vidhi), -Vegetable and Animal drugs according to part used. Period of collection according to virya, preservation of collected dravyas, Storehouse (bheshajagara).

12. Various impurities of dravya, their purification, Brief knowledge of,       

      adulterants, Artificial/synthetic drugs, concept of Substitution   

     (abhavapratinidhi dravya).

   13. Brief knowledge of plant extracts, additives, excipients, preservative, food

        Colours.                              

14. Ideal drug (Prashasta bheshaja), Use of different part of medicinal plants          (bheshaja prayoga, prayojyanga), Incompatibility (knowledge of viruddhatwa), principles of preparation of  Aushadha yoga,

Consideration of vaya, bala, linga, agni, dosa, dushya, vyadhi, koshta, deha prakriti, Abhyasa, satwa, desha kala and kalpana for deciding dosage of drugs (Matranishchiti).

Anupana vyavastha, time of administration (bhaisajya sevana kala), routes of drug administration (bhaishajya prayoga marga) Prescription writing.

   15. Brief information about 6 Nighantus (Dhanwantari Nighantu, Shodala  

          Nighantu, Kaiyyadeva Nighantu, Madanapala Nighantu, Bhavaprakasha

          Nighantu, Raja Nighantu,)

 

Paper II                                                                                         100 Marks

Part A                                                                                               50 Marks

1.  Detailed knowledge of following drugs with respect to

Basonym of drug, Main Synonyms, Regional Name, Botanical Name, Family, classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charaka, Sushruta and Bhavaprakasha.

Habit and habitat/verities

External morphology

Useful parts

Important phytoconstituents

Rasa panchaka

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala

Therapeutic indications-

Amaikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose)

Name of important formulations

Adverse effects and remedial measures

Shodhana (as required)

 

1.   Ahiphena

2.   Agnimantha 

3.   Agaru

4.   Amalaki

5.   Apamarga

6.   Aragvadha

7.   Ardraka-sunti

8.   Arjuna

9.   Arka

10.  Ashvagandha

11.  Ashvagola

12.                Asoka

13.  Ativisha

14.  Bakuchi

15.                Baladvayam.

16.  Bharangi

17.  Bhallataka 

18.                Bibhitaka

19.  Bijaka/Vijayasara

20.  Bilva

21.                Brahmi

22.  Briungaraj

23.  Bruhati

24.                Chandanadvaya,

25.  Citraka

26.  Dadima

27.                Danti,

28.  Daruharidra

29.  Dhanyaka

30.                Dhataki

31.  Draksha

32.  Durva

33.                Ela

34.  Eranda

35.  Gambhari

36.                Gokshura

37.  Guduchi

38.  Guggulu

39.                Haridra

40.  Haritaki

41.  Hingu

42.                Jambu,

43.  Jatamamsi

44.  Jatiphal

45.                Jeerakdvaya

46.  Jyotishmati

47.  Kalamegha

48.                Kampilla

49.  Kanchanara

50.  Kantakari

51.                Kapikacchu

52.  Karkataksringi

53.  Karpura

54.                Katuki

55.  Khadira

56.  Kiratatikta

57.                Kumari

58.  Kupilu

59.  Kumkum kesara

60.                Kushmanda

61.   Lavang

62.  Kutaja

63.                Lodhra

64.  Madanaphala

65.  Manjishtha

66.                Maricha

67.  Markandika

68.  Musali

69.                Musta

70.  Nagakeshara

71.  Nimba

72.                Nirgundi

73.  Palasha

74.  Palandu

75.                Pashanabheda

76.  Patala

77.  Patola

78.                Pippali-pippalimula

79.  Purnarnava

80.  Rasna

81.                Rasona

82.  Saireyaka

83.  Sallaki

84.                Saptaparna

85.  Sarpagandha

86.  Sariva

87.                Shalparni

88.  Shalmali

89.  Shankhapushpi

90.                Shatavari

91.  Shathapushpa

92.  Shigru

93.                Shirish

94.  Shyonaka

95.  Thalisa patra

96.                Tila

97.  Tivrut

98.  Tulasi

99.                Tvak

100. Ushira

101.  Vacha

102. Varuna

103. Vasa

104.  Vata

105. Vatsanabha

106. Vidari

107.  Vidanga

108. Yastimadhu

109.   Yavani

110.     Deodaru

 

 

2. Brief  knowledge of following drugs with respect to

Sanskrit Name

Botanical Name

Family

Habit (Samanya swaroopa)

Part used

Rasapanchaka

Indications

 

  1. Agastya

2. Akarakarabha

  1. Ajamoda
  1. Amra

5.mragandhiharidra

  1. Ankola
  1. Aparajita

7. Ashvattha

  1. Asthishrunkhala
  1. Avartaki
  1. Babbula
  1. Badara
  1. Bakula
  1. Bhumyamalki
  1. Bimbi
  1. Bijapoora
  1. Bola,
  1. Chandrashura
  1. Changeri,
  1. Chavya
  1. Chakramarda
  1. Champaka
  1. Chirbilva
  1. Chopachini
  1. Dattura
  1. Darbha
  1. Dhanvayasa,
  1. Dronapushpi
  1. Gandhaprasarini
  1. Garjara
  1. Gojihva,
  1. Gorakshamajja
  1. Gunja
  1. Hismra
  1. Hrutpatri
  1. Indravaruni
  1. Ingudi
  1. Irimeda
  1. Isvari
  1. Japa
  1. Jati
  1. Jayapala
  1. Jeevanti
  1. Kadali,
  1. Kadamba
  1. Kaidarya
  1. Kamala
  1. Kankola
  1. Kakamachi
  1. Karanja
  1. Karira
  1. Karpasa
  1. Karvira
  1. Karavella
  1. Kasha
  1. Kasni
  1. Kataka
  1. Kataphala
  1. Kharjura
  1. Kitmari
  1. Koshataki
  1. Kokilaksha
  1. Kumuda
  1. Kusha
  1. Lajjalu
  1. Langali
  1. Latakaranja
  1. Latakasthurii
  1. Madayantika
  1. Mahanimba
  1. Mandukaparni
  1. Mashaparni
  1. Mayaphala
  1. Methika
  1. Meshashrungi
  1. Mudgaparni
  1. Mulaka
  1. Nagabala
  1. Nala,
  1. Narikala
  1. Nili
  1. Padmaka
  1. Parushaka
  1. Parasika yavani,
  1. Parijata
  1. Parisha
  1. Parnabija
  1. Parnayavani
  1. Parpataka
  1. Patalagarudi
  1. Patha
  1. Patranga
  1. Pilu
  1. Plaksha,
  1. Priyala
  1. Prishniparni
  1. Priyangu,
  1. Puga,
  1. Putiha,

99.    Putranjivaka,

100.                                              Pushkarmoola

101.  Rajika/ Sarshapa

102. Rohitaka,

103.    Sala

104.  Saptachakra

105. Sarala,

106.    Sarja

107.  Satapa

108. Shaliparni

109.    Shati

110.  Sharapunkha

111. Shinsapa

112.    Snuhi

113.  Sringataka

114. Surana,

115.    Svarnakshiri

116.  Tagara

117. Tailaparni

118.   Talmuli

119.  Taruni

120. Tavakshira

121.   Tuvaraka

122.  Upakunchika

123. Udumbara,

124.   Vamsha,

  1. Vata

126. Varahikanda

127.  Vruddadaru

128. Vrukshamla

 

Part B                                                                                               50 Marks

3. Introduction, Guna, Karma and uses of following jantava dravya (drugs of animal origin).

1.

Kasturi

2.

Gorochana

3.

Gandhamarjaravirya

4.

Mrigasringa

5.

Bhunaga

6.

Mukta

7.

Pravala

8.

Shankha

9.

Shukti

10. 

Shambūka

11.

Varatika

12.

Indragopa

 

4. Introduction, knowledge of guna-karma of following groups of Annapana varga:-

 

1.

Jala Varga

2.

Dugdha Varga

3.

Madhu Varga

4.

Ikshu Varga

5.

Taila Varga

6.

Madya Varga

7.

Mutra Varga

8.

Sūkadhanya Varga

9.

Simbidhanya Varga

10.

Phala Varga

11.

Shaka Varga

12.

Mansa Varga

13.

Lavana Varga

14.

Kritannavarga(Processed food)

 

 

 

5.  Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology.

Principles of general Pharmacology.

 

Brief Knowledge of following

Anaesthetics, CNS depressants, Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers, Antipyretics, Analgesics, Antiepileptics, Antihypertensive, Antianginal, Antiplatelet, Hypolipidaemic, Haemopoetic, Coagulants, Bronchodialators, Aerosols/Inhalants, Expectorants, Digestants, Carminatives, Antacids, Antiulcer, Laxatives, Antidiarrhoeals, Antiemetic, Hepatoprotective, Diuretic, Antidiuretic, Lithotriptic, Antiinflammatory, Hormonal therapy, Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Antithyroids, Oxytocic. Galactagogues, Contraceptives, Styptics, Antihistamins, Antimicrobial, Antibiotics, Antimalarial, Amoebicidal, Antifilarial,Anthelmentic,Antifungal,Vitamins,Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids, Vaccines, antivenom, antirabbies serum, Local anti septics, drugs in ophthalmic practice, Anti cancer drugs and immunomodulators etc.

 

6. Brief knowledge about WHOs “Essential Drug List”

7. Brief knowledge of Cultivation, Conservation of Medicinal plants a