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YOGA

Curative Yoga

INTRODUCTION


Most people, specially from western worlds, think of yoga as merely an eastern exercise program. Nothing could be further from the truth. The underlying purpose behind the practice of yoga - the literal meaning of yoga is `joining' - is to reunite the individual self (Jiva) with the absolute or pure consciousness (Brahma).

Union with this unchanging reality liberates the spirit from all sense of separation, freeing it from the illusions of time, space and causation. Since according to yogic philosophy the human body and mind are part of the illusory world of matter, with a limited time span, while the soul /spirit is eternal and passes onto another world when this body wears out. Thus, central to yogic philosophy are the concepts of Karma (cause- effect relationships) and Reincarnation.

Yoga is therefore regarded as a divine science of life, revealed to enlightened sages in meditation. First textual mention in the Vedas was corroborated by oldest archeological evidence of seals from the Indus Valley dating back to around 3000 B.C. The Upanishads that followed the Vedas provide the main foundation of Vedanta philosophy (that espouses the idea of an absolute consciousness called Brahma) and yoga teachings.

Around the sixth century B.C. appeared the massive epic The Mahabharata written by sage Vyasa and containing The Bhagavad Gita. Apparently a set of battlefield instructions on one's duties in life, they are very allegorical in showing how the challenges of life have to be faced - so much so that it is often considered the best book on management ever written. The Gita contains yoga terms and concepts to enable the reader face life similarly.

The backbone of Raja Yoga is furnished by Patanjali's Yoga Sutra, thought to have been written in the third century B.C. The classical text on Hatha Yoga, the Hatha Yoga Pradipika which describes the various asanas and breathing exercises which form the basis of the practice of modern yoga, was compiled much later by a yogi named Svatmarama.

In the modern perspective, Yoga is one of the most effective and wholesome forms of experience to control the waves of thought by converting mental & physical energy into spiritual energy. Yoga eases away pent-up tension, rejuvenates the body & soul, enhances concentration, cures diseases and keeps a hold on the aging process.

Benefits of Yoga

Preventive Value

  • Yoga helps to bring natural order and balance to the neuro-hormones and metabolism in the body.

  • At the same time, these exercises improve endocrine metabolism, thus providing you with a preventive shield.

Curative Value

  • Yogic postures activate the energies that have accumulated and stagnated in the energy pockets of the body - since left inert, these energies create various ailments.

  • Yogic exercises cleanse your body, mind and consciousness by venting toxins from the body.



Principles of Yoga

Patanjali's Eight Principles of Yoga

  • Abstinence (yama)
  • Observance (niyama)
  • Posture (asana)
  • Regulation of breath (pranayama)
  • Withdrawal of Senses (pratyahara)
  • Concentration (dharana)
  • Meditation (dhyana)
  • Super Consciousness (samadhi)

Swami Sivananda's Modified Five Principles of Yoga

1. Proper relaxation

  • Releases tension in the muscles
  • Helps letting go of all worries
  • Ensures conservation of energy

2. Proper exercise

  • Yoga postures - to be performed as per body constitution.
  • Yogic consultation is a must.
  • Correct postures work systematically on all parts of the body. Stretching and toning the muscles & ligaments. Keeping the spine and joints flexible. Improving the blood circulation.

3. Proper breathing (pranayama)

  • Brings an extraordinary balance in the consciousness
  • Teaches you to control your mental state by regulating the flow of the life force.

4. Proper diet

  • Chart out a well-nourished balanced diet.
  • Keeps the body light and supple and the mind calm.
  • Resists ailments.

5. Positive Thinking & Meditation

  • Removes negative thoughts. Stills the mind.
  • You attain super-consciousness. A state beyond time, space and causation.

 

Yoga for Vata, Pitta and Kapha

There are different Yogic Postures for different body types. If you have not found your body type as yet then find your Body Type. (All postures should be performed while inhaling deeply)

Yoga Asanas for Vata

All postures should be performed while doing deep, quiet breathing.

  • Asthma
    Backward Bend, Plough, Knee to Chest, Corpse
  • Backache
    Knee to Chest, Plough, Half Wheel, Backward Bend
  • Constipation
    Backward Bend, Yoga Mudra, Knee to Chest, Shoulder Stand, Corpse. Belly should be drawn in while doing these postures.
  • Depression
    Yoga Mudra, Plough, Corpse, Palm Tree, Lotus
  • Sciatica
    Knee to Chest, Backward Bend, Plough, Yoga Mudra, Half Wheel
  • Sexual Debility
    Backward Bend, Plough, Shoulder Stand, Elevated Lotus
  • Varicose Veins
    Head Stand, Backward Bend, Corpse
  • Wrinkles
    Yoga Mudra, Backward, Bend, Head Stand, Plough
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Half Wheel, Bow, Plough, Head Stand, Backward Bend
  • Headache
    Plough, Yoga Mudra, Head Stand
  • Insomnia
    Corpse, Cobra, Backward Bend
  • Menstrual Disorders
    Plough, Cobra, Half Wheel, Yoga Mudra

Yoga Asanas for Pitta

All postures should be performed while doing deep, quiet breathing

  • Peptic Ulcer
    Hidden Lotus,Sheetali (inhale through coiled tongue through mouth)
  • Hyperthyroidism
    Shoulder Stand, Ear Knee
  • Malabsorption
    Knee to Chest, Fish, Locust
  • Hypertension
    Shoulder Stand, Cobra, Half Bow, Quiet breathing
  • Anger or Hate
    Half Bow, Shoulder Stand, Hidden Lotus, Corpse
  • Migraine Headache
    Sheetali, Shoulder Stand, Fish
  • Colitis
    Fish, Ear Knee, Boat, Bow
  • Liver Disorder
    Fish, Shoulder Stand, Ear Knee, Hidden Lotus
  • Hemorrhoids
    Fish, Shoulder Stand, Bow
  • Stomatitis (Inflammation of the Tongue) -
    Sheetali

Yoga Asanas for Kapha

All postures should be performed while doing, deep, quiet breathing.

  • Bronchitis
    Head Stand, Plough, Forward Bend, Backward Bend, Half Wheel, Fish
  • Emphysema
    Half Wheel, Shoulder Stand
  • Sinus Congestion
    Fish, Boat, Plough, Bow, Breath of Fire (Bhasrika)
  • Sinus Headache
    Lion, Head Knee, Fish
  • Diabetes
    Boat, Fish, Half Wheel, Backward Bend, Forward Bend
  • Chronic Gastro
    Intestinal Disorders - Fish, Locust, Cobra
  • Sore Throat
    Lion, Shoulder Stand, Locust, Fish
  • Asthma
    Half Wheel, Bow, Boat, Shoulder Stand, Palm Tree, Fish, Cobra

So just steal away 15 minutes from your hectic schedule and devote those precious moments to Yoga!

 

Types of Yoga Asanas

Listed below are some of the more common yoga asanas that prove very effective in the achieving of perfect health by ensuring a maintenance / correction of doshic balance / imbalance. For details, please click on the asana that you would like to know more about.

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