Handy Tips for Skin Care

                          v Oil massage is the best mode of skin care. For this, one can apply coconut oil. Chandan Balalakshadi Taila, Maha Narayan Taila, etc are also appropriate. For ideal massage, one must heat the oil and massage it with light hand in a circular motion on the body. Massage should be done atleast once a day; in extreme cases, twice a day i.e. before bath and at bedtime. Massage nurtures the skin and takes care of dryness. v Apply gram flour instead of soap and Shikakai instead of shampoo. v On dry lips, apply Vaseline or pure ghee. v For treating the cracking heels, soak legs in lukewarm water for about 15-20 minutes. Wipe them dry with a clean & soft towel, then apply Vaseline or oil. v If the cracks bleed, soak the heels in luke warm water. Wipe them clean and apply Gandhak Malhar for about half an hour. Subsequently, apply Paaddari Malhar. In case of infection, apply again Gandhak Malhar and regularly take blood purifiers like Mahamanjisthadi kada. l Mr. Sudhir always becomes panicky when inside an aeroplane. He starts sweating & shaking and his condition does not improve if he is not provided with immediate medication. l Anjali is no different from Sudhir, she is scared of crowded places specially a hall packed with people. She gets anxious, starts vomiting and sometimes, even faints. The problem with Sudhir and Anjali is simply that they are victims of Claustrophobia. It is a form of anxiety disorder in which the afflicted has an intense and irrational fear of closed or crowded space. Some other phobias, borne out of anxiety, include social phobia - which is the fear of embarrassing yourself in front of others - and agoraphobia, which is the fear of open spaces. With appropriate treatment, it is possible to overcome Claustrophobia or any other phobia. Symptoms of Claustrophobia If a person, who is suffering from Claustrophobia, suddenly finds himself or herself in an enclosed space, he/she may have an anxiety attack. The most common symptoms include : sweating, accelerated heart rate, hyperventilation ('over-breathing'), shaking, light-headedness, nausea, fainting and fear of actual harm or illness. Specific symptoms of Claustrophobia When in an enclosed space, the signs of Claustrophobia may include: l Inside a room - automatically checking for the exits, standing near the exits etc. l Inside a building - preferring to take the stairs rather than the lift, and not because of health reasons! l At a party - standing near the door in a crowded room, even if the room is large and spacious. l In extreme cases - for a person with severe Claustrophobia, a closed door will trigger feelings of panic. In case of Claustrophobia, it so happens that if a person has experienced a number of such situations then he gets very cautious and leaves no options to avoid any such experience. They start avoiding objects or situations that bring on the attack. But according to psychologists, any technique based on avoidance is a complete failure as it can take the situation from bad to worse. It seems that anticipating the possibility of confinement within a small space intensifies the feelings of anxiety and fear. For someone with a disabling phobia, the realization that this fear is irrational and that treatment is needed can cause further anxiety. Since most treatment options depend on confronting the feared situation or object, the person may feel reluctant. Support and encouragement from family and friends is crucial. The therapist may even ask the family members or friends to attend certain sessions, in order to bolster the courage of the person seeking treatment. Treatment options Treating Claustrophobia, one has to rely on psychological methods. Depending on the person, some of these methods may include: l Modelling - the person watches other people confront the phobic trigger without fear, and is encouraged to imitate that confidence. l Counter-conditioning - if the person is far too fearful to attempt flooding, then counter-conditioning can be an option. The person is taught to use specific relaxation and visualization techniques when experiencing phobia-related anxiety. The phobic trigger is slowly introduced, step-by-step, while the person concentrates on attaining physical and mental relaxation. Eventually, they can confront the source of their fear without feeling anxious. This is known as Systematic Desensitization. l Flooding - This is a form of exposure treatment, where the person is exposed to their phobic trigger until the anxiety attack passes. The realization that they have encountered their most dreaded object or situation, and come to no actual harm, can be a powerful form of therapy. l Cognitive Behavior Therapy - The person is encouraged to confront and change the specific thoughts and attitudes that lead to feelings of fear. l Medications - Such as tranquillizers and anti-depressants. Drugs known as beta-blockers may be used to treat the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as a pounding heart. Length of Treatment The person may be treated as an outpatient, or sometimes, as an inpatient, if their phobia is particularly severe. Generally, treatment consists of around 8 to 10 weeks of bi-weekly sessions.